Fabric actually has several meanings, according to the material of the fabric is called textile fiber.
Although there are many kinds of textile fibers, they can be divided into two categories: natural fibers and chemical fibers
Natural fibers refer to the textile fibers that are present in nature or are directly obtained from cultured animals.
Chemical fiber is a textile fiber made from natural or synthetic high polymer materials
Artificial fiber refers to the fiber of natural high polymer (such as wood, bagasse or animal fiber).
Synthetic fibers are made of petroleum, coal, natural gas, and some agricultural products.
一、Natural fiber property
1、Strong moisture absorption, comfortable wearing, easy to dye, easy to shrink
2、 Alkali resistant acid, mercerized cotton is the cotton fabric treated by caustic soda.
3、 Cotton fiber is more heat-resistant, but unfavorable to be in 100 degree long time to deal with, if iron hot temperature is around 190 degrees, cotton fabric is best to spray wet when pressing, benefit to iron flat.
4、 Cotton fiber soft, weak sex, cotton fabric feel good, comfortable, washable, but easy to wrinkle, suitable for the four seasons clothing and bedding.
There are many kinds of hemp, such as ramie, flax, jute, hemp, etc. The first two are the first two. Hemp and cotton have some of the same properties.
1、 Strong moisture absorption and acid resistance.
2、 Heat resistance is also good, the ironing temperature can reach 190 degrees - 210 degrees, easy to burn.
3、The strength is higher than cotton, hemp fiber is stronger, weak sex difference, fabric is easy to wrinkle, than cotton fabric hard, quite, cool. The so-called summer cloth, namely the ramie fabrics that southerner loves to wear, after sweating, not close.
Ramie is the best fiber in hemp fiber, it has the characteristics of cool, moisture absorption, air permeability and so on, and the rigidity is high, hard, strong, not fitting, suitable for making summer clothes. Ramie and polyester blends are made of "hemp" and have a good style.
Wool, usually referred to as wool, is the largest wool fiber used in textile use.
The wool fibers are thicker than cotton fibers and have a certain curl, which is covered with scales. Due to the presence of the scales, the wool has a special property, namely, the velveteen. Fleece refers to the rubbing of wool in warm water and washing liquid, and the properties of the blanket. In life, it causes the hair products to be shrunk after washing, the density becomes larger, and the densification is one of the reasons. If the scale is damaged and its smooth and smooth surface, the wool products will not shrink. So the machine-washed sweaters sold on the market go through this kind of surface treatment.
Natural silk is divided into home silk and wild silk, the silk of the home silk is silkworm silk; The main cultivar of wild silk is tussah silk. Silk strength, long fiber, soft and smooth, weak sex is better than cellulose fiber, with unique luster. Silk fabric is known as a thin yarn, and it can make it full and aggressive. It is a high quality clothing material, which belongs to protein fiber like wool.
二、The properties of chemical fibers
As the main material of clothing, the seven nylon, their common characteristics are as follows:
A. Moisture absorption is generally lower than natural fiber, easy to carry static after friction, easy to absorb dust.
B . Most of them are of high strength, good elasticity and long fuzz.
C .When it burns, it usually softens and contracts, and some can melt, drip, drip, and smell, which is lower than natural fibers
D . Heat finalisation is better, because they are less hygroscopic, so they remain intact after washing。
It is the fastest growing fiber in chemical fiber. It's commonly known as positive. It is made of silk fabrics with soft silk, julienne, and kanas, as well as the so-called "linen yarn" popular with ladies in the summer market. Dacron polyester and cotton blended said cotton (cotton polyester), and wool blended wool, and flax spinning temperature, such as MaDi its characteristic: has the feeling of hot, airtight, dyeing, friction belt after static, dust collection, but less prone to shrinkage, easy to wash, fast drying.
Commonly known as nylon, nylon, drugs, such as its characteristics: good elasticity, high strength, high wear resistance, light fastness is poorer, yellowing easily in the sun is often used in socks, gloves, knitted sportswear, etc.
It has the characteristics of fluffy, soft and warm, such as light weight, low price, bright color, high degree, no mildew, not hot. Suitable for autumn and winter clothing fabrics, such as polyester knitwear, woolen fur coats, blankets and so on.
After blending veron and cotton, it became a popular fabric in the domestic market. Wien fabric is very similar to cotton cloth, which is the most closely related to cotton fiber in synthetic fiber. Since it is used for less clothing in China, it is more used in bedding. Therefore, it is seldom introduced.
Its raw material is a natural substance, such as wood, bamboo, cotton linter, bagasse, spinning fiber is also called the rayon, the fabrics are as follows: beautiful, artificial satin, silk, inferior spinning spun rayon, wool, etc. Its characteristics are as follows:
1、 Large hygroscopic and flammable.
2、 The surface is smooth and soft. Viscose fabric drape is larger than cotton, suitable for dress and various clothing fabrics, lining.
Most of them appear in the silk style, except for the clothing fabrics, but also used to make the materials。
The elastic fibers are also known as elastic fibers. Can replace the rubber band, but at present the price is more expensive.
1、High elasticity, high elasticity and good wear resistance。
2、The face does not lose its elasticity in cold, snow or sun。