How to distinguish the difference between plain, twill and satin?

- Apr 11, 2018-

In daily life, we often come into contact with plain weave fabric, twill, satin fabric. But many people don't know the characteristics and discrimination of the three fabrics.  


The warp and weft are interwoven every other yarn. Cloth tight texture and stiff and smooth surface, the general high-grade embroidery fabrics are using plain weave fabric.


Plain fabric has many interlacing points, firm texture and smooth surface. The appearance effect of the front and back is the same. It is light and thin and has good air permeability. The flat structure determines its low density. Generally speaking, the price of plain fabric is low. But a few of them are expensive, such as some fancy embroidery fabrics.



Twill is warp and weft yarn at least two yarns interweave one time, that is, 2 up, 1 down or 3 up 1. Adding weft and weft interlacing point to change weave structure is commonly referred to as twill fabric. The cloth is characterized by its thick texture and strong sense of three-dimensional structure.


Twill fabric is well identified, because the intertexture of twill weft and weft is a structural form of twill line on the surface of fabric. It has the characteristics of positive and negative sides, less interlacing points, longer floating lines, soft handle, high density, relatively thick products and strong sense of organization.


The warp and weft yarns are interwoven at least three times. The fabric has the highest density and the most thick fabric. The cloth is also smoother, more delicate and glossy, but the cost of the product is higher, so the price will be relatively expensive.


Satin weaving process is more complex, the warp and weft only one to float with the surface form. It is called "satin satin" which is full of surface by floating length, and weft float satin with surface. The long floating line can make the fabric surface better luster and reflect light easily. So look at the fabric of cotton satin you will feel there is a faint sheen.


Floats in satin fabrics or fibers are easy to wear, and tick. Therefore, the strength of this kind of fabric is lower than that of plain fabric and twill fabric. Satin fabric density is the same count more thick, the cost is higher. Flat, twill, and satin are the most basic three kinds of weft - weft interlacing. There is no specific good or bad, but the satin is technically a fine cotton fabric, and the twill is more accepted by most families.